White Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) is one of the easier perennial flowers to grow, establishing itself in a variety of different soil types and growing conditions. Yarrow will spread via rhizome, and can take over if conditions allow. This – in my opinion – is a good thing, as Yarrow is so very valuable on so many fronts! For instance, the spreading habit can be utilized to outcompete aggressive weeds. We have noticed Yarrow out compete Nutsedge, establishing itself while the Nutsedge is dormant in the winter months.
White Yarrow is considered THE medicinal Yarrow. It is one of our most valuable medicinal plants, having anti-inflammatory, antiseptic & astringent properties that make it likely the best fresh poultice herb for minor wound healing. The dried and powdered leaves and flowers are an effective hemostatic, slowing or stopping bleeding from a fresh wound. Yarrow tea is an invigorating, digestive bitter, increasing appetite and aiding the absorption of nutrients from food. The tea is also one of our best febrifuge herbs, inducing sweating and bringing relief from fever.
As a flowering plant, Yarrow’s tiny flowers that make up the larger flower heads are extremely attractive to beneficial pollinators: native wasps and bees, flies, butterflies, etc. Yarrow makes an excellent orchard understory plant and is considered to be a dynamic accumulator, mining nutrients from deep in the soil. It makes a great ground cover and replacement for lawns, standing up to minor foot traffic. On top of all of this, White Yarrow is just a beautiful flower.
80 days. Perennial.